Flora of Nepal

Nepal Himalaya extends between 80º04’–88º12’E and 26º22’–30º27’N. This narrow strip boasts a huge diversity of plant species because of  wide range of climatic conditions. Although Nepal is popularly known for high altitude mountains, it rises from sub tropical region (flat land of Terai) only below 100 m to world's highest peak (Mt. Everest). The amount and distribution of precipitation and the duration of cloud cover vary considerably in different parts of the region that also plays major role in for making country unique in terms of biodiversity. The majority of the rainfall occurs from mid-June to mid-September. The cis-Himalayan ranges (to the south of the Greater Himalaya) receive a higher amount of rainfall than the trans-Himalayan ranges (north of the Greater Himalaya towards the Tibetan Plateau). At higher elevations, precipitation occurs in the form of snow. The western part of Nepal is comparatively dry because there is less humidity as the monsoon reaches west Nepal.
This narrow strip (Nepal Himalaya) acts as a buffer zone between Eastern Himalaya and Western Himalaya and has been a center of attraction for study of flora and fauna. Many explorations have been conducted . However, it still lacks detail flora of the country. To fulfill this gap, Department of Plant Resources, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation with cooperation from different national and international Herbaria and institutions started Flora of Nepal project. One of the major aims of this project aim to publish volumes of the Flora and make this information and supporting specimen information and images available over the internet.
Different partner agencies for Flora of Nepal are:
Department of Plant Resources, Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation
Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University